324002-310ProductEmbroidered A-Line Blouse
Technique Broderie anglaise
Broderie anglaise, meaning ‘English embroidery’, is a form of whitework or cutwork with small eyelets arranged in groups of floral or geometrical patterns.
The technique originated in 16th-century Central Europe but was popularised in Britain during the mid- and late 19th century. Traditionally used for nightwear, women’s underclothing and children’s wear, fabrics patterned with broderie anglaise are now common in all types of ready-to-wear.
The designs are created by piercing round or oval holes through a fine plain-weave cotton or linen fabric, then finishing the edges with tonal embroidery, often using a buttonhole stitch. The technique goes by several different names and is sometimes referred to as ‘Madeira work’.
In everyday speech, ‘poplin’ refers to a large group of plain-weave cotton shirting, ranging from fine and crisp to coarser and more heavyweight qualities. These are all even weaves made with single yarns of the same weight in both warp and weft – such as 40s/40s or 60s/60s, which are two common yarn counts.
Traditionally, however, poplin was characterised by a textured surface with a slight horizontal ribbing, a result of densely interlacing one coarser crosswise thread with two or more finer threads running from top to bottom. The name poplin comes from a 15th-century fabric, popeline, originally woven from silk and wool in the Catholic centre of Avignon in southern France.