317 fabric Cotton chambray
The characteristic heathered and slightly faded lustre of chambray fabrics is created when white weft threads, running horizontally in the loom, pass over coloured warp threads in a balanced and even cross pattern. It is a lightweight, closely woven cotton fabric with an appearance somewhat similar to denim but with an identical face and back.
Chambray was originally woven from linen in the town of Cambrai in northern France, dating to the 16th century. Before industrialisation it was a high-quality cloth used for formal dress and accessories. But because of its lightweight and durable qualities, cotton chambray later became a common shirting fabric for workers’ uniforms, especially in the United States, which gave rise to the term ‘blue-collar worker’. Chambray shirts were also issued to sailors in the US Navy during the first half of the 20th century.