322021-200ProductJacquard Round-Neck Cardigan
With the mechanic jacquard loom – invented by French weaver, silk merchant and engineer Joseph-Marie Jacquard in the early 19th century – it became possible, on a larger scale, to incorporate intricate patterns and artworks directly into woven textiles.
Through an early form of data programming, the pattern design was copied from paper to a series of punch cards that controlled the weaving loom; each hole in the card corresponded with an individual thread being raised or lowered, which allowed for complex patterns and varying surfaces within the fabric.
Jacquard is a general term for fabrics produced on such a loom, brocades and damasks being two common examples, often but not always woven from silk and featuring floral or geometrical motifs. Some fabrics are completely reversible while others have a distinct face and reverse.
Based in Shenzhen, China, Huafu is the world’s largest supplier and manufacturer of mélange yarn in the industry. With about 30,000 employees and five production facilities all over China and Vietnam, the company has been innovative in its use of colour and composition to craft medium-to-high grade, top-dyed mélange yarns. The Chinese stock exchange-listed company has been granted 54 patents in technologies like loose-fibre dyeing and spinning since its founding in 1993. With a focus on more sustainable materials and production processes, it is making organic and pima cotton as well as recycled poly-melange yarns for ARKET.
Mélange yarns are made with top-dyed fibres of different shades, spun together, and are used to create heathered and luminous knitted fabrics.
From the French word meaning ‘mixture’ or ‘medley’, the process of creating mélanges has a smaller impact on the environment than dyeing a finished cloth.
Dyeing and blending fibres before spinning saves water and energy, reduces emissions and creates subtle variations that result in a much deeper, richer colour.