The rose geranium is a flowering shrub with velvety leaves, native to South Africa, and belongs to the species of geraniums and pelargoniums. It is a popular houseplant in gardens and on balconies in the eastern Mediterranean region, and in flowerpots in northern climates. It is the leaves and stems that are used for their aromatic properties, not the white and pink flowers. The scent is bright, green and moist; soft and rose-like but with hints of citrus and mint. Rose geranium is an important ingredient in herbal and floral fragrances and has been used in perfumery since the early 19th century, primarily as a substitute for real rose.